SS Mayaguez Incident and Rescue
Department of Defense Files.
508 pages of Department of Defense documents covering the SS Mayaguez Incident and rescue.
On 12 May 1975, Khmer Rouge gunboats seized the United States merchant ship SS Mayaguez in international waters, in the Gulf of Thailand. The ship, its captain, and its crew of 39, were captured some 60 nautical miles southwest of Cambodia near the Poulo Wai Islands. The ship was on its way to Thailand carrying commercial cargo and supplies for American servicemen and the U.S. embassy. The initial US military response was limited to surveillance of the ship. In the early morning hours of 13 May, US Navy P-3 reconnaissance aircraft spotted the vessel near Poulo Wai. Later in the morning the Mayaguez steamed to Koh Tang Island under the control of her captors. After efforts to secure the release of the ship and its crew failed, U.S. military forces were ordered to undertake a rescue mission. Three days after the Mayaguez seizure, six Air Force helicopters were dispatched to the island. One of the helicopters came under heavy enemy fire as it approached the eastern beach of the island. The aircraft crashed into the surf with 26 men on board. Half were rescued at sea, leaving 13 unaccounted-for.
The 12 May 1975 seizure of the SS Mayaguez and her crew by Cambodian forces and the subsequent recovery of the ship and crew by US military forces commanded public attention in the United States with an intensity which, on the surface, may have seemed out of proportion to the minor nature of the military activities involved. At the heart of the matter, of course, was not the size of the military operation, but the implications of the ship's seizure with respect to US credibility and self-respect, particularly in light of previous developments in Indochina and the Vietnam War. The previous month, South Vietnam and Cambodia fell to communist control. The mission to rescue the Mayaguez and its crew took the lives of 41 American servicemen.
After Action Report, US Military Operations, SS Mayaguez & Kaoh Tang Island 12-15 May 1975
Department of Defense after action report on the rescue of the SS Mayaguez and crew. The report includes a narrative summary and covers Defense Intelligence Agency appraisal, outline of the operational concept, personnel causalities, helicopter sorties, losses, and damage, tactical and combat air support, reconnaissance sorties, time line of events, and a listing of verbal and written orders.
Memos: Rescue of the SS Mayaguez & its Crew
A collection of Joint Chiefs of Staff memorandums dealing with the Mayaguez Incident and rescue.
CINCPAC Command History 1975, Appendix VI
Commander-in-Chief U.S. Pacific Command history of the SS Mayaguez Incident.
History of the Pacific Air Forces July 1, 1974 to December 31, 1975
Commander-in-Chief U.S. Pacific Air Force history of the SS Mayaguez Incident.
Fourteen Hours at Koh Tang
A 1976 United States Air Force monograph on the rescue of the SS Mayaguez. The US military operation to recover the SS Mayaguez and her crew consisted of a number of related actions including the reboarding of the Mayaguez, air strikes against military targets on the Cambodian mainland; and insertion of US Marine Corps forces on Koh Tang Island to search for the crew of the Mayaguez. This monograph examines the latter action-operations relating to the insertion and recovery of Marines at Koh Tang Island.
Background Paper on the Mayaguez Incident: An Enlisted Perspective of a USAF Security Police Tragedy.
A 1992 Air Force research paper on the Mayaguez rescue. The rescue resulted in the deaths of 23 airmen, 18 were enlisted security police. This paper discusses at length the role of the 656th Security Police Squadron.
CRS Report for Congress: The War Powers Resolution After Twenty-Five Years
A 1999 report for Congress produced by the Congressional Research Service on the War Power Resolution, also known as the War Powers Act. The War Power Resolution was enacted in 1973. Presidents had submitted 76 reports by 1999 under it, but only one, the Mayaguez rescue, cited Section 4(a)(1), which triggers the act's time limit for U.S. forces withdrawal. This report reviews selected cases from 1975 to August 1999, including the Mayaguez Incident, that illustrate the various issues and controversies that have surrounded this statute.